Today we talk about the national emblem, this national symbol helps in creating a different image of India from the world. There are many national symbols which have different meanings like national animal (tiger) which shows strength, national flower (lotus) which signifies purity, national tree (banyan) which represents immortality, national bird (peacock) ) which represents beauty, national fruit (mango) which describes the tropical climate of the country, national anthem and national anthem serves as inspiration, national symbol (four lions) shows strength, courage, pride and faith etc.
|शीर्षक (Topic)||राष्ट्रीय प्रतीक (National Symbol)|
|राष्ट्रीय ध्वज (National flag)||तिरंगा (Tricolor)|
|राष्ट्र गान (National Anthem)||जन गण मन (Jan Gan Man)|
|राष्ट्रीय कैलेंडर (National Calendar)||शक संवत् (Shaka Era)|
|राष्ट्रीय गीत (National Anthem)||वंदे मातरम (Vande Matram)|
|भारत का राष्ट्रीय प्रतीक (National Emblem of India)||अशोक (Ashok)|
|राष्ट्रीय फल (National Fruit)||आम (Mango)|
|राष्ट्रीय नदी (National River)||गंगा (Ganges)|
|राष्ट्रीय पशु (National Animal)||रॉयल बंगाल टाइगर (Royal Bengal Tiger)|
|राष्ट्रीय वृक्ष (National Tree)||भारतीय बरगद (Indian Banyan)|
|राष्ट्रीय जलीय पशु (National aquatic Animal)||गंगा नदी डॉल्फिन (Ganges River Dolphin)|
|राष्ट्रीय पक्षी (National Bird)||भारतीय मोर (Indian Peacock)|
|राष्ट्रीय मुद्रा (National Currency)||भारतीय रुपया (Indian Rupee)|
|राष्ट्रीय सरीसृप (National Reptile)||किंग कोबरा (King Cobra)|
|राष्ट्रीय धरोहर पशु (National Heritage Animal)||भारतीय हाथी (Indian Elephant)|
|राष्ट्रीय फूल (National Flower)||कमल (Lotus)|
|राष्ट्रीय सब्जी (National Vegetable)||कद्दू (Pumpkin)|
|राष्ट्रीय प्रतिज्ञा (National Pledge)||निष्ठा की शपथ (Oath of Allegiance)|
|राष्ट्रीय मुद्रा (National Currency)||रुपया (₹) (Rupee (₹))|
|राष्ट्रीय पुरस्कार (National Award)||भारत रत्न (Bharat Ratna)|
|राष्ट्रीय खेल (National Sport)||हॉकी (Hockey)|
|राष्ट्रीय मिठाई (National Sweet)||जलेबी (Jalebi)|
|राष्ट्रीय पकवान (National Dish)||खिचड़ी (Khichdi)|
Below are their complete details along with the national symbols.
The Indian national flag is a rectangular horizontal division divided into strips of three colors of equal proportion (also called tricolor). The uppermost band is dark saffron (denotes courage), the middle is white (denotes purity) and the bottom is green (denotes fertility). In the middle of the white stripe is a naval blue wheel (also known as the wheel of dharma or law) with 24 spokes in the center. It is called Ashok Chakra. Under the law, the tricolor is made from a hand spun cloth called khadi. The Indian Flag Act governs its use and exhibition and the use of the Tricolor by any private citizen is prohibited except on National Days. The current form of the National Flag of India was officially accepted as the official flag of the Dominion of India by the Constituent Assembly at a meeting on 22 July 1947.
The lion on the pillar of Ashoka at Sarnath was accepted by the Indian government as the national emblem of India. The pillar spire of Ashoka is written in Devanagari script “Satyameva Jayate” (Truth is the only victory) taken from the Mundaka Upanishad (Part of the Holy Hindu Veda). It was adopted on 26 January 1950. Ashoka's pillar has four lions standing on the spire, the rear part of which is attached to the pillars. It also has the Dharma Chakra (Wheel of Law) in front of the structure. The symbol of India represents strength, courage, pride, and faith. There is a horse and a bull on each side of the wheel. Its use is controlled and restricted under the State Emblem of India Section, 2005.
It was written by Rabindranath Tagore (famous Bengali poet, artist, dramatist, philosopher, musician and novelist). On 24 January 1950, the national anthem of India 'Jana Ganaman' was officially adopted by the Constituent Assembly. It was sung for the first time in the Calcutta session of the Indian National Congress on 27 December 1911. Due to some political reasons, it was decided to adopt "Jana Ganaman" as the national anthem of the country instead of "Vande Mataram". It is sung during all national programs of India. Its entire rendition takes 52 seconds, later it was translated from Bengali to English by Rabindranath Tagore and music was given in Madanapalli.
भारत का राष्ट्रगान है:
जनगणमन-अधिनायक जय है भारतभाग्यविधाता!
पंजाब सिंधु गुजरात मराठा द्राविड़ उत्कल बंग
विंध्य हिमाचल यमुना गंगा उच्छलजलधितरंग
तब शुभ नामे जागे, तब शुभ आशिष मागे,
गाहे तब जयगाथा।
जनगणमंगलदायक जय हे भारतभाग्यविधाता!
जय है, जय हे, जय हे, जय जय जय जय हे।।
The national anthem of India is:
Jan Ganaman-Adhinayak Jai is the creator of India's fortune!
Punjab Sindhu Gujarat Maratha Dravid Utkal Bang
Vindhya Himachal Yamuna Ganga Uchal Jaldhitrang
Then wake up good names, then ask for good blessings,
Then there is the story.
Jai hai, jai hey, jai hey, jai jai jai jai hey.
The first two verses of the original Vande Mataram were officially adopted as the national anthem of India in 1950. It was written in Bengali and Sanskrit by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee in his novel Anandamath in 1882. He wrote this song in Chinsura (a town in West Bengal, situated on the Hooghly River, 35 km north of Kolkata, India). The original Vande Mataram has six verses. It was first sung in 1896 by Rabindranath Tagore in the political context of the Indian National Congress. In 1909 it was translated by Sri Aurobindo Ghosh from the verse which is known as "Motherland I bow to you
वंदे मातरम्, वंदे मातरम्!
सुजलाम्, सुफलाम्, मलयज शीतलाम्,
फुल्लकुसुमित द्रुमदल शोभिनीम्,
सुहासिनीम् सुमधुर भाषिणीम्,
सुखदाम् वरदाम्, मातरम्!
वंदे मातरम्, वंदे मातरम्॥
- बंकिमचंद्र चट्टोपाध्याय (चटर्जी)
Vande Mataram, Vande Mataram!
well-watered, fruitful, Malay cool,
beautiful with flowering tree petals,
A good-smiling, sweet-speaking woman,
Happy and blessed, Mother!
Vande Mataram, Vande Mataram.
- Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay (Chatterjee)
This calendar is based on the Saka era. The date of this calendar is mostly similar to the date of the Gregorian calendar. The Saka calendar was first officially used on Chaitra 1, 1879, the Saka period, or 22 March 1957. The Saka calendar was adopted as the national calendar of India on 22 March 1957 when it was adopted by the Calendar Reform Committee in Nepal. Presented from Sambat. The head of the Calendar Reform Committee (Tara physicist Meghnad Sah) and other colleagues were asked to make a perfect calendar.
It was actually written by Pidimarri Venkata Subbarao (a writer and administrative officer) in the Telugu language in 1962. It was first taught in a school in Visakhapatnam in 1963. Later it was translated into many regional languages as per convenience.
The oath of royalty was adopted by the Republic of India as the national resolution of India. Generally, this oath is taken by Indians in government programs and by students in schools and colleges on any national occasions (on Independence and Republic Day). Bangalore, after a meeting of the Central Advisory Board of Education in 1964 under the chairmanship of MC Chagla, it began to be taught in schools from 26 January 1965.
The scientific name of lotus is Nilumbo nucifera. It has been adopted as the national flower of India. This flower displays the traditional values and cultural pride of India. It also shows fertility, wisdom, prosperity, honour, long life, good luck, beauty of heart and mind. It is also used throughout the country for religious rituals etc.
Mango enjoys the status of king among all fruits. It originated in India and is available in over 100 varieties in different sizes, shapes and colours. This juicy fruit has been adopted as the national fruit of India. Its cultivation is done in almost every region of India. It is rich in vitamins A, C, and D which are good for people's health.
Its taste was liked by Alexander and Hyun Sang. It is believed that almost one lakh mango trees were planted in Lakhi Bagh by the great Mughal emperor, Akbar in almost all the area of Darbhanga (modern Bihar).
The longest and sacred river of India is the Ganges (extends over 2510 km of hills, valleys and plains). The largest population of the world is settled on the banks of this river. It is worshiped like a god by the people of Hindu religion and its holy water is used on many occasions. The river Ganges has great religious significance for the Hindus since ancient times. The Ganges originated as the Bhagirathi River in the Himalayas in the Himalayas of the Gangotri Glacier. It is counted as the third longest river in the north-eastern part of the Indian Ocean, in the Bay of Bengal, releasing sewage and filth.
The Indian banyan tree (botanical name Ficus bengalensis) has been adopted as the national tree of India. It is considered an indestructible tree because it has the ability to grow new plants over a very large area from its roots. It is famous for its long life and huge shadow. Its importance has been described in many ancient stories. It is found everywhere across the nation and is commonly planted around temples and on roadsides. It has been associated with longevity and importance since ancient times in India. Its massive branches provide shade to its neighbors, while its roots extend over many acres. Its long branches, deep roots and strong stem take the form of a tangle, which allows it to exist longer than any other tree. There is a tradition of worshiping this tree especially by Hindu married women to wish them a long and happy married life. A banyan tree can grow to be very large, about 656 feet wide and 98 feet tall. It produces rubber from sticky milk which is used for horticulture.
The royal Bengal tiger (zoologically related name Panthera tigris tigris), the single largest carnivorous animal found in the Indian subcontinent, has been adopted as the national animal of India. It has a bright yellow stripe on its body. It can easily run in the jungles of airship and is extremely powerful, strong and a symbol of pride of India. It is found in every region of India (of eight breeds) except the North-West region. More than half of the world's tiger population is found only in India. The maximum lifespan of tigers is about 20 years.
The Ganges Dolphin (zoologically named Platanista gangetica) has been adopted as a national aquatic animal. Dolphin is a mammal, that is, it gives birth to babies. Its long pointed nose and the visible teeth on both the jaws are very clean. There is no lens in its eyes. Its body is solid and leather is light brown in colour. The female dolphin is larger than the male dolphin. It makes a sound during breathing, hence it is also called susu.
National currency of India
The Indian Rupee is officially the currency of the Republic of India. The Reserve Bank of India controls the issues related to the Indian currency. Coins were introduced in India in July 2011 with Rupee symbols. RBI also started a website named “Paisa Bolta Hai” to make people aware about fake currency.
Hockey is India's national game. The year 1928 to 1956 was a golden time for India when India won eight Olympic gold medals with six consecutive victories. Dhyan Chand is the best player in the history of Indian Hockey till date. He is still remembered for his exceptional goalscoring skills.
Independence Day, Gandhi Jayanti and Republic Day have been declared as National Days of India. Independence Day is celebrated every year on 15th August because on this day in 1947 Indians got independence from British rule. Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated every year on 2nd October as Gandhi was born on this day. All national days are celebrated as gazetted holidays all over India. India got its constitution on 26 January 1950, hence this day is celebrated as Republic Day.
Let us tell you that India does not have any national language. Hindi is an official language i.e. the language which is used for official work. Hindi is the official language of India under Article 343 of the Constitution of India. There is no mention of the national language in the Indian Constitution. However, 22 languages have been given official status.
Independence Day, Gandhi Jayanti and Republic Day have been declared as National Days of India. Independence Day is celebrated every year on 15th August because on this day in 1947, Indians got freedom from British rule. India got its constitution on 26 January 1950, hence this day is celebrated as Republic Day. Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated every year on 2nd October because Gandhi was born on this day.
Mahatma Gandhi is considered as the Father of the Nation of India. First on 6 July 1944, Subhash Chandra Bose, while broadcasting a message from Singapore Radio Station, addressed Mahatma Gandhi as 'Father of the Nation'. After the assassination of Gandhiji on 30 January 1948, Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru told the people of India on the radio that 'Father of the Nation is no more' while addressing the nation. Since then Mahatma Gandhi is called the Father of the Nation of India.
Banyan tree is considered the national tree of India. It is a symbol of unity and firmness. Just as people of different religions and castes of India live together, in the same way small or big animals live on the branches of the banyan tree. This tree has special religious importance in Hinduism and many medicinal properties are also found in it.
The Indian peacock has been adopted as the national bird of India. This bird displays the living colors of unity and Indian culture. It also shows beauty, pride and purity. Under the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Section 1972, protection has been provided on parliamentary order. In Hinduism, it is considered the vehicle of Lord Muruga, while for Christians it is a symbol of "renaissance".
|National symbol||when was announced|
|National flag of india tricolor||22 July 1947|
|National Anthem of India Jana Gana Mana||24 January 1950|
|National song of india vande mataram||24 January 1950|
|National Emblem of India Ashoka Pillar||26 January 1950|
|National Currency of India Rupee (₹)||15 July 2010|
|National animal of india tiger||April 1973|
|National Heritage Animal of India Elephant||October 2010|
|Peacock national bird of india||26 January 1963|
|India's national river Ganga||4 November 2008|
|National Aquatic Animal of India Ganges Dolphin||18 May 2010|
|National Slogan of India Shramev Jayate||1965|
|National Award of India Bharat Ratna||2 January 1954|