In India, the LLB (Bachelor of Laws) degree is a professional course that prepares individuals to enter the legal profession. It is a three-year undergraduate program offered by various universities and colleges across the country. To obtain an LLB degree, students must pass a series of exams that assess their knowledge and understanding of various legal subjects.
|Degree||LLB, Integrated LLB, LLM|
|Duration||LLB (3 years)|
Integrated LLB (5 years)
LLM (2 years)
|Eligibility||LLB (Graduate with 50 percent of aggregate marks from recognised board)|
|Integrated LLB (10+2 with 50 percent of aggregate marks from recognised board)|
|LLM (Bachelor of Law Degree with 50 percent of aggregate marks)|
|Admission Process||LLB (Entrance exams like CLAT, TS LAWCET, AILET, and LSAT)|
|Integrated LLB (Entrance exams like CLAT, LSAT, and AILET)|
|LLM (Entrance exams like AILET, IPU CET, BHU UET)|
|Top Entrance Exams||CLAT, AILET, LSAT, DU LLB|
|Course Fees||LLB (Rs 1,00,000 to Rs 1,50,000)|
|Integrated LLB ( Rs 1,50,000 to Rs 5,00,000)|
|LLM (Rs 1,50,000 to Rs 5,00,000 )|
|Top Colleges||ADGITM New Delhi, AIL Mohali, ALC Noida, AMU Aligarh, BAMU Aurangabad, BAOU Ahmedabad, and BBDU Lucknow|
|Career options||Lawyer, Corporate lawyer, Legal Analyst, Judiciary, Corporate counselor, Legal Advisor, and Litigators|
|Average Salary||Rs 3.5 LPA|
|Recruiting Companies||Trilegal, IBM, Integreon, ICICI Bank, Amarchand & Mangaldas & Suresh A Shroff & Co, AZB & Partners, and S&R Associates ·|
|Name of the Exam||Full Form||Conducted By||State||Exam Details||Counselling Details|
|CLAT 2024||Common Law Admission Test||Consortium of NLUs||Various||Registration: To be announced||Exam Date: 3 Dec '23|
|AILET 2024||All India Law Entrance Test||National Law University Delhi||Delhi||Registration: 7 Aug '23||Exam Date: 10 Dec '23|
|MHCET Law 2023||Maharashtra Common Entrance Test for Law||State CET Cell, Maharashtra||Maharashtra||30 Jun '23 (First merit list)||26 Jun '23 - 5 Jul '23|
|Calcutta University Entrance Exam 2023||Calcutta||To be notified||To be notified|
|APLAWCET 2023||Andhra Pradesh Law Common Entrance Test||Sri Krishnadevaraya University||Andhra Pradesh||Results declared on 16 June '23||To be notified|
|URATPG 2023||University of Rajasthan Law Entrance Test||University of Rajasthan||Rajasthan||Registration: 19 Jun '23 - 26 Jun '23||Exam Date: 6 Jul '23 - 13 Jul '23|
|Lloyd LET 2023||Lloyd Law Entrance Test||Lloyd Law College||Uttar Pradesh||Registration:10 Feb '23 - 15 Jul '23||Exam Date: July- August|
|RULET 2023||Rajasthan University Law Entrance Test||University of Rajasthan||Rajasthan||Exam Date: 15 Jun '23||August '23|
|SLAT 2023||Symbiosis Law Admission Test||Symbiosis International University||Maharashtra||Merit List 2: 28- 30 June '23|
Merit List 3: 3- 15 July '23
|ULET 2023||University Law Entrance Test||Rajasthan University||Rajasthan||Exam Date: 7 Jul '23||July|
|PU UGLAW 2023||Panjab University Undergraduate Law Entrance Test||Panjab University||Punjab||Merit List: 30 Jun '23||12 Jul '23|
|AIL LET 2023||Army Institute of Law Entrance Test||Army Institute of Law||Punjab||Exam Date: 24 June '23||To be notified|
|SLS AIAT 2023||Symbiosis Law School Admission Test||Symbiosis International University||Maharashtra||Exam Date: 24 Jun '23||To be notified|
|BVP CET 2023||Bharati Vidyapeeth Common Entrance Test||Bharati Vidyapeeth University||Maharashtra||Exam Date: 11 Jun '23||To be notified|
|JSAT 2023||Jindal Scholastic Aptitude Test||O.P. Jindal Global University||Haryana||Apply before July 2023||To be declared|
|ULSAT 2023||UPES Legal Studies Aptitude Test||University of Petroleum and Energy Studies||Uttarakhand||Exam Date: 2 July '23- 3 Jul '23||August|
To be eligible for LLB exams in India, candidates must fulfill certain criteria, which may vary from one institution to another. Generally, the following criteria are commonly observed:
In India, many universities and colleges conduct entrance exams for admission to their LLB programs. These entrance exams serve as a screening process to select candidates based on their aptitude, knowledge, and analytical skills. Some of the popular entrance exams for LLB include:
The exam structure for LLB exams may vary depending on the institution and the specific exam being conducted. However, the following components are commonly found in LLB exams:
The syllabus for LLB exams covers various legal subjects and related areas. While the specific topics may vary, depending on the institution and the exam, the following subjects are commonly included:
Preparing for LLB exams requires a systematic and disciplined approach. Here are some strategies that can help candidates succeed:
After obtaining an LLB degree and clearing the required exams, candidates can explore a wide range of career opportunities. Some of the popular career options for LLB graduates in India include:
Obtain a bachelor's degree: To become a lawyer, you need to complete a bachelor's degree in law, typically known as a 3-year LLB program or a 5-year integrated BA LLB program after 12th grade.
Law School Admission Test
If you're pursuing a 3-year LLB program, you might need to appear for an entrance exam conducted by the respective law schools. For 5-year integrated programs, entrance exams like CLAT, AILET, etc., are common.
Law School Education
Enroll in a recognized law school and complete the LLB program. The curriculum includes subjects like Constitutional Law, Criminal Law, Contracts, Legal Research, and more.
Gain practical experience through internships at law firms, courts, legal organizations, etc. This hands-on experience helps you understand the practical aspects of law.
Bar Council Enrollment
After completing your LLB, you need to enroll with the respective State Bar Council. This registration is mandatory to practice law.
You can choose to specialize in a specific area of law through further education and practice. Common specializations include Criminal Law, Corporate Law, Family Law, Environmental Law, etc.
Practice and Continuing Education
Start practicing law, either by joining a law firm, working as an independent practitioner, or in-house legal counsel for organizations. Continuing legal education is crucial to stay updated with changes in law.
Typically, judges are required to have a law degree (LLB) just like lawyers.
Many judges gain experience by practicing law for a certain number of years before becoming eligible to be appointed as judges. The number of years varies by jurisdiction.
Judicial Services Examination
In many countries, aspiring judges need to clear a competitive examination for the judicial services. These exams test legal knowledge, reasoning, and aptitude.
After passing the examination, candidates are selected for judicial positions based on their performance. The selection process may involve interviews, background checks, and recommendations.
Training and Probation
Selected candidates often undergo training programs to familiarize themselves with the judicial system, court procedures, and ethics.
Appointment as a Judge
Once the training and probation are complete, candidates are appointed as judges in various courts, ranging from lower courts to higher courts.
The salary of a lawyer can vary widely based on factors such as the location, area of specialization, experience, size of the law firm, and individual reputation. Junior lawyers might start with a lower salary and see an increase as they gain experience. Partners at prestigious law firms or successful independent practitioners can earn substantial incomes.
The salary of a judge also varies depending on the jurisdiction, level of the court, and the country's legal system. Judges are typically paid higher salaries compared to lawyers due to the importance and responsibility of their roles. The salary also increases with the level of the court, with judges in higher courts earning more.